Caesar's first important political success came in 63 B. Caesar was then elected praetor an elected Roman official for 62 B.
Although he did not rule for long, he gave Rome fresh hope and a whole dynasty of emperors. Dangerous times Born into an aristocratic family in around BC, Julius Caesar grew up in dangerous times. Rome could not yet handle its own size and power.
The nobility were widely discredited and order had given way to chaos. The only clear alternative was military dictatorship.
Caesar allied himself against the nobility. As his career took off, he won a number of political offices, not always by reputable means. By 63 BC, he had become a well-known, but controversial figure.
Viva Espana Despite his notoriety, he was appointed governor of Farther Spain. This was a lucrative position, because it offered him the chance to plunder the local inhabitants at will. He returned to Rome in 60 BC and, the following year, was elected consul, the highest office in the republic.
Now holding real power, Caesar allied himself with two key people, Pompey and Crassus. Pompey was a war hero who had been badly treated by the Senate, while Crassus was a multimillionaire.
This was unpopular, so to get the measure through he engineered a riot and used the chaos to get his own way. He then used his power to secure the governorship of Gaul modern day France and Belgium.
Gaul gave Caesar a power-base to recruit soldiers and conduct the military campaigns that would make his name and secure his fortune.
When battling foreign enemies, Caesar was ruthless. Besieging rebels in what is now the Dordogne part of France, he waited until their water supply ran out and then cut off the hands of all the survivors.
Under threat back home He now turned his attention back home. His triumvirate was badly strained.
After Crassus was killed in battle, Pompey and Caesar drifted apart, ultimately finding themselves on opposing sides. By now, Caesar was very successful, but he had many enemies and found his position and his life under threat.
He believed the only way he could protect himself was by seizing power. Civil war Caesar scored some early victories and, by 46 BC, was dictator of Rome.
After a year spent eliminating his remaining enemies, he returned home. Generous in victory, he was kind to his defeated rivals, giving them all amnesties and even inviting some to join him in government.
Yet his position remained insecure. Without a son of his own, he needed an heir. Caesar quickly adopted his great nephew, Augustus.Many consider Augustus to be Rome's greatest emperor; his policies certainly extended the Empire's life span and initiated the celebrated Pax Romana or Pax Augusta.
The Roman Senate wished subsequent emperors to "be more fortunate than Augustus and better than Trajan". Augustus was intelligent, decisive, and a shrewd politician, but he was not perhaps as charismatic as Julius Caesar, and was influenced .
Watch video · Julius Caesar (c. July 12 or 13, BC to March 15, 44 BC) was a politically adept and popular leader of the Roman Republic who significantly transformed what became known as the Roman Empire by greatly expanding its geographic reach and establishing its imperial system.
Caesar's uncle was Gaius Marius, a famous war hero known for reorganizing the Roman army.
The date of Caesar's death, March 15th, is also called the Ides of March. While in Egypt he fell in love with the queen of Egypt, Cleopatra.
Gaius Julius Caesar (July BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a military commander, politician and author at the end of the Roman Republic.   Caesar became a member of the First Triumvirate and when that broke up he fought a civil war against Pompey the Great.
Augustus (Latin: Imperator Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was the first Roman Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in AD He led Rome in its transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire.
First, Gaius Julius Caesar wasn’t ever an emperor, he was elected Proconsul of Rome and was made Dictator for Life by the Senate.
The Roman Empire came into existence when his adopted son, Octavian. who later changed his name to Augustus, decreed that the Republic was now an Empire.