Paris, a son of the king of Troy, kidnaps Helen, who becomes the legendary "Helen of Troy" and "the woman with the face that launched a thousand ships. The same cannot be said for the Achaian army. At present, the Achaian troops are dying from a mysterious plague.
Chryseis had been captured in a Greek siege and given to Agamemnon as a war prize. Chryses has brought many gifts as ransom for his daughter, but Agamemnon refuses to accept them and sends Chryses away. Apollo then revenges the ill treatment shown to his priest by sending a plague to the Greeks.
The plague claims many lives, and a counsel is held to determine how to stop it. Through the advice of a seer, the Greeks agree that the return of Chryses is the only way to stop the plague from taking even more lives.
He demands Briseis, the woman given to Achilleus in the same siege. Achilleus is so angry with Agamemnon for taking Briseis that he immediately withdraws himself and his troops from the fighting with Troy. He also asks his mother, the goddess Thetis, to plead with Zeus to help him avenge the wrong.
Zeus agrees to assist the Trojans in their attack on the Achaians, thus showing Agamemnon that Achilleus is a great man, who would be necessary to succeed in battle. Agamemnon gathers the rest of his army for a massive attack against the Trojans.
The first day of battle opens with a duel between Paris and Menelaos, and a truce among the rest of the armies. After the duel, which ends with Paris being taken out of the battle by Aphrodite, the truce is broken by Pandaros, the Trojan, and the two armies engage in bitter fighting.
At the end of the day, there is another duel, this time between Aias and Hektor, which is broken up before its end. The two sides retreat, and the Achaians build a wall around their encampment to protect their position and their ships. When fighting resumes, Zeus pushes the Trojans to great triumph over the Achaians, and their victory seems certain.
At this point, Agamemnon calls his leaders together and admits he was at fault in taking Briseis from Achilleus. He agrees to return her, along with a great deal of treasure and a sworn oath that he has not slept with her, if Achilleus will come back and fight with the Achaians.
The message is brought to Achilleus by his good friends Odysseus, Aias, and Phoinix. Achilleus greets his friends warmly, but refuses to make peace with Agamemnon. The next day the fighting resumes, and the Achaians fight well.
However, over the span of the day, most of the best men are injured and taken out of the fight. The only remaining champion of the Achaians is Aias. Hektor then leads a strong drive by the Trojans, and they manage to break through the Achaian wall and fight all the way to the ships.
As the Trojans attempt to set fire to the Achaian ships, the gods intervene and rescue the Achaians from almost certain destruction. At this point, Achilleus and his companion Patroklos become fearful for the fate of the Achaian army. While Achilleus still refuses to fight, he sends Patroklos out to the field in his own armor with a contingent of men to save the ships.
Because Patroklos and his army are rested and fresh, they easily drive the weary Trojans back to the city wall.
Patroklos fights bravely and performs many courageous acts, but he pushes his luck and is eventually killed by Hektor.
Hektor takes the famous armor of Achilleus from Patroklos, and a fierce battle is fought over his body.
However, the gods transfigure him and when he shows himself on the battlefield the Trojans pull back and the Achaians escape. His mother Thetis acquires immortal armor from the god Hephaistos, and Achilleus announces to the assembled Achaians the end of his quarrel with Agamemnon.
The next day the Achaians, mostly through the exploits of Achilleus, are able to drive the Trojans back inside their city walls. Hektor, however, refuses to go inside, promising to encounter Achilleus directly instead.
His courage fails at the last minute and Achilleus pursues Hektor twice around the city walls. Achilleus then holds funeral games for Patroklos, giving many great prizes to the victors.
In his grief over his friend, Achilleus has been dishonoring the body of Hektor, but the gods have kept it from mutilation. Achilleus has pity on him, and returns the body. The Trojans then bury Hektor.
Estimated Reading Time Allow an hour or slightly more to read each chapter, or book. There are a total of 24 books in the Iliad, totaling roughly hours of reading time. These eNotes are based on the Richmond Lattimore translation of the Iliad.Free summary and analysis of the events in Homer's The Iliad that won't make you snore.
We promise. Skip to navigation The Iliad by Homer. Home / Literature / The Iliad / The poem ends with the funeral of Hektor—though we know that soon Achilleus will die and Troy will be captured.
Homer (/ ˈ h oʊ m ər /; Greek: Ὅμηρος [hómɛːros], Hómēros) is the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
The Iliad is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek kingdoms. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! There are a total of 24 books in the Iliad, totaling roughly hours of reading time. Note: These eNotes are based on the Richmond Lattimore translation of the Iliad. “The Iliad” (Gr: “Iliás”) is an epic poem by the ancient Greek poet Homer, which recounts some of the significant events of the final weeks of the Trojan War and the Greek siege of the city of Troy (which was also known as Ilion, Ilios or Ilium in ancient times).
The Iliad, Book I, Lines Homer RAGE: Sing, Goddess, Achilles' rage, Black and murderous, that cost the Greeks Incalculable pain, pitched countless souls Of heroes into Hades' dark, And left their bodies to rot as feasts .