Origins[ edit ] It follows then as certain as that night succeeds the day, that without a decisive naval force we can do nothing definitive, and with it, everything honorable and glorious.
Under Article I, Section 3, Clause 7upon conviction in impeachment cases, the Senate has the option of disqualifying convicted individuals from holding federal office, including that of vice president; Under Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendmentno person who has sworn an oath to support the Constitution, who has later has gone to war against the United States, or given aid and comfort to the nation's enemies can serve in a state or federal office — including as vice president.
This disqualification, originally aimed at former supporters of the Confederacymay be removed by a two-thirds vote of each house of the Congress.
The vice presidential candidates of the major national political parties are formally selected by each party's quadrennial nominating convention, following the selection of the party's presidential candidate. The official process is identical to the one by which the presidential candidates are chosen, with delegates placing the names of candidates into nomination, followed by a ballot in which candidates must receive a majority to secure the party's nomination.
In practice, the presidential nominee has considerable influence on the decision, and in the 20th century it became customary for that person to select a preferred running mate, who is then nominated and accepted by the convention.
In recent years, with the presidential nomination usually being a foregone conclusion as the result of the primary process, the selection of a vice presidential candidate is often announced prior to the actual balloting for the presidential candidate, and sometimes before the beginning of the convention itself.
The first presidential aspirant to announce his selection for vice president before the beginning of the convention was Ronald Reagan who, prior to the Republican National Convention announced that Richard Schweiker would be his running mate.
Reagan's supporters then sought to amend the convention rules so that Gerald R. Ford would be required to name his vice presidential running mate in advance as well.
The proposal was defeated, and Reagan did not receive the nomination in Often, the presidential nominee will name a vice presidential candidate who will bring geographic or ideological balance to the ticket or appeal to a particular constituency.
The vice presidential candidate might also be chosen on the basis of traits the presidential candidate is perceived to lack, or on the basis of name recognition.
To foster party unity, popular runners-up in the presidential nomination process are commonly considered. While this selection process may enhance the chances of success for a national ticket, in the past it often insured that the vice presidential nominee represented regions, constituencies, or ideologies at odds with those of the presidential candidate.
As a result, vice presidents were often excluded from the policy-making process of the new administration. Many times their relationships with the president and his staff were aloof, non-existent, or even adversarial.
The ultimate goal of vice presidential candidate selection is to help and not hurt the party's chances of getting elected, nonetheless several vice presidential selections have been controversial. InDemocratic nominee Walter Mondale 's groundbreaking choice of Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate the first woman in U.
A selection whose positive traits make the presidential candidate look less favorable in comparison or which can cause the presidential candidate's judgment to be questioned often backfire, such as in when Democratic candidate Michael Dukakis chose experienced Texas Senator Lloyd Bentsen ; Bentsen was considered a more seasoned statesman in federal politics and somewhat overshadowed Dukakis.
Questions about Dan Quayle 's experience were raised in the presidential campaign of George H.
Bushbut the Bush-Quayle ticket still won handily. This surprise move would, it was hoped, draw women voters disappointed by Hillary Clinton 's defeat in the Democratic presidential primaries into the McCain camp.
Palin's selection soon came to be seen as a negative for McCain, due to her several controversies during her gubernatorial tenure which were highlighted by the press, and her feuding with McCain campaign chairman Steve Schmidt.
This perception continued to grow throughout the campaign, especially after her interviews with Katie Couric led to concerns about her fitness for the presidency.
Candidates from electoral-vote rich states were usually preferred. Despite the two candidates' near-identical ideological and regional backgrounds, Gore's extensive experience in national affairs enhanced the appeal of a ticket headed by Clinton, whose political career had been spent entirely at the local and state levels of government.
InGeorge W. Bush chose Dick Cheney of Wyominga reliably Republican state with only three electoral votes, and inBarack Obama mirrored Bush's strategy when he chose Joe Biden of Delawarea reliably Democratic state, likewise one with only three electoral votes.
Both Cheney and Biden were chosen for their experience in national politics experience lacked by both Bush and Obama rather than the ideological balance or electoral vote advantage they would provide. Prior to the electionboth George W. Bush and Dick Cheney lived in and voted in Texas.
While nothing in the Constitution prohibits a presidential candidate and his or her running mate being from the same state, the "inhabitant clause" of the Twelfth Amendment does mandate that every presidential elector must cast a ballot for at least one candidate who is not from their own state.
To avoid creating a potential problem for Texas' electors, Cheney changed his residency back to Wyoming prior to the campaign. At the tumultuous Democratic convention, presidential nominee George McGovern selected Senator Thomas Eagleton as his running mate, but numerous other candidates were either nominated from the floor or received votes during the balloting.
Eagleton nevertheless received a majority of the votes and the nomination, though he later resigned from the ticket, resulting in Sargent Shriver becoming McGovern's final running mate; both lost to the Nixon-Agnew ticket by a wide margin, carrying only Massachusetts and the District of Columbia.
In cases where the presidential nomination is still in doubt as the convention approaches, the campaigns for the two positions may become intertwined. Ford in the presidential delegate count, announced prior to the Republican National Convention that, if nominated, he would select Senator Richard Schweiker as his running mate.
This move backfired to a degree, as Schweiker's relatively liberal voting record alienated many of the more conservative delegates who were considering a challenge to party delegate selection rules to improve Reagan's chances.
In the end, Ford narrowly won the presidential nomination and Reagan's selection of Schweiker became moot. In the Democratic presidential primaries which pitted Hillary Clinton against Barack ObamaClinton suggested a Clinton-Obama ticket with Obama in the vice president slot as it would be "unstoppable" against the presumptive Republican nominee.The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, VP, or Veep) is the second-highest officer in the executive branch of the U.S.
federal government, after the President of the United States, and ranks first in the presidential line of ashio-midori.com vice president is also an officer in the legislative branch, as President of the Senate.
The extent of any informal roles and functions of the vice president depend on the specific relationship between the president and the vice president, but often include tasks such as drafter and spokesperson for the administration's policies, adviser to the president, and being a .
The involuntary removal of a sitting President of the United States has never occurred in our history. The only legal way such can be accomplished is by the impeachment process. 22nd - term limits for president (vice president has to step in for president, serves to end of presidential term, and can then be reelected) (can only serve for a total of 10 years) 25th - line of succession is president leaves office, vice president takes over, nominates new vice president, majority approved by .
The President’s Job Description What are the formal qualifications?
The Constitution says that a candidate for President must meet certain formal qualifications. The President must: be a natural born American citizen be at least 35 years old have been a resident of the United States for at least 14 years.
United States congressional committee. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The and was created to determine salaries of the president and vice president. Also in the first session, the entire membership of the Senate was divided into two large committees, with half the senators on the committee to prepare legislation establishing the federal.