We encourage students and teachers to visit our Omaha language and culture pages for more in-depth information about the tribe, but here are our answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with Omaha pictures and links we believe are suitable for all ages. What does it mean?
It is thought that Dhegiha speakers, which include the OsagePoncaKansaand Quapaw as well as the Omahamigrated westward from the Atlantic coast at some point in prehistory and that their early settlements were in the present U.
After a time they moved to the Ozark Plateau and the prairies of what is now western Missouri. There the five tribes separated, with the Omaha and the Ponca moving north to present-day Minnesotawhere they lived until the late 17th century.
At that time the two tribes were driven farther west by the migrating Dakota Sioux.
Inunder the pressure of encroaching settlers, the Omaha sold most of their land to the U. In the government allotted land in Nebraska that prevented the removal of the tribe to Oklahoma; somewhat later they received U. As with many other Plains Indian tribes, the traditional Omaha economy combined corn maize agriculture with hunting and gathering.
In spring and autumn the people lived in permanent villages of dome-shaped earth lodges, moving into portable tepees for the hunting seasons. Omaha social organization was elaborate, with a class system of chiefs, priests, physicians, and commoners.
Rank was inherited through the male line, although individuals could raise their status by distributing horses and blankets or providing feasts. LC-USZ Traditional Omaha kinship was organized into 10 clans within two larger groups, representing earth and sky.
Earth clans had charge of ceremonies concerning war and food supply, while the ceremonies overseen by the sky clans were designed to secure supernatural aid. When the entire tribe camped together during the summer bison hunt or on migrations, tepees were arranged in a large circle symbolizing the tribal organization.
Killing the enemy was considered a lesser exploit. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated more than 5, individuals of Omaha descent. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Omaha: Omaha, North American Indian people of the Dhegiha branch of the Siouan language stock.
They migrated westward from the Atlantic coast, and, by the late 19th century, they were largely located in Nebraska.
Learn more about the history and customs of the Omaha.
In an effort to make Omaha artifacts and photographic images more available, this project is creating an online catalogue of tribal resources drawn from international sources. Partners in the project are the University of Nebraska State Museum, which houses some important Omaha artifacts; the University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, and the .
The Omaha tribe is a Native American tribe that currently reside in northeastern Nebraska and western Iowa, United States.
The Omaha Indian Reservation lies primarily in the southern part of Thurston County and northeastern Cuming County, Nebraska. Omaha Tribe – Omaha Indians (‘those going against the wind or current’).
One of the 5 tribes of the so called Dhegiha group of the Siouan family, the other 4 being the Kansa, Quapaw, Osage, and Ponca. The journal is titled "Vocabulary of Omaha Indians." Also included in this collection is a list of people who signed an Omaha treaty in The photo component of this collection consists of photographs relating to the culture and daily life of the Omaha Indians.
The Omaha tribe began as a larger woodland tribe comprised of both the Omaha and Quapaw. The original tribe inhabited the area near the Ohio and Wabash rivers, near present-day Cincinnati, Ohio.
As the tribe migrated west it split into what became the Omaha tribe and the Quapaw tribes.