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Choose your sport Training your energy systems: The Glycolytic Anaerobic System This article is Part 2 of a 3 part series that outlines the three basic energy systems used in sport, their interactions with one another, and how to train each one.
Below the Introduction technical explanationwe offer 7 sessions in 3 stages for training the Glycolytic System. Introduction Glycolysis literally means the breakdown lysis of glucose and consists of a series of enzymatic reactions.
The carbohydrates we eat supply the body with glucose, which can be stored as glycogen in the muscles or liver for later use. The end product of glycolysis is pyruvic acid.
Traditionally, if the final product was lactic acid, the process was labelled anaerobic glycolysis and if the final product remained as pyruvate the process was labelled aerobic glycolysis.
Oxygen availability only determines the fate of the end product and is not required for the actual process of glycolysis itself.
Oxygen availability has been shown to have little to do with which of the two end products, lactate or pyruvate is produced.
This is where the terms aerobic meaning with oxygen and anaerobic meaning without oxygen become a bit misleading 5. Alternative terms that are often used are fast glycolysis if the final product is lactic acid and slow glycolysis for the process that leads to pyruvate being funneled through the Krebs cycle.
As its name would suggest the fast glycolytic system can produce energy at a greater rate than slow glycolysis- it has greater power. However, because the end product of fast glycolysis is lactic acid, it can quickly accumulate and is thought to lead to muscular fatigue 1.
The contribution of the fast glycolytic system increases rapidly after the initial 10 seconds of exercise. This also coincides with a drop in maximal power output as the immediately available phosphogens, ATP and especially PCr begin to run out.
By about 30 seconds of sustained activity the majority of energy comes from fast glycolysis 2. At 45 seconds of sustained activity there is a second decline in power output the first decline being after about 10 seconds. Activity beyond this point corresponds with a growing reliance on the oxidative energy system.
Training which emphasises the glycolytic energy system results in increased muscular glycolytic enzyme activity- most notably increases in concentration of lactate dehydrogenase, phosphofructokinase and glycogen phosphorylase. This type of training which creates high levels of intramuscular levels of lactate and pyruvate monocarboxylates has also been shown to increase the concentration of monocarboxylate transporters in the muscle.
These transporters act as revolving doors in the muscle which improves the rate of removal of these products. Training to emphasise this system should include near maximal efforts with work:Data Centers Automotive Health care Government Industrial Institutional Custom Air Handling and Advanced Hydronics.
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Main Energy Systems Used in a Game of Touch Football Essay Words | 4 Pages. There are three main energy systems used in a game of touch football which consist of the creatine phosphate (ATP PC) system, lactic acid system and the aerobic system. Each system plays a vital role during game play.
Energy for Performance in Touch Football Essay example. Energy for Performance This term in year 11 senior physical education we have been learning the use of the three energy systems and how they are used in the game of touch football and how they function together.
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Our expertise with sensory type devices and custom design engineering capability has complimented many original equipment manufacturers for . Touch is a high intensity sport which relies heavily on the three energy systems, the ATP-PC energy system, the lactic acid energy system and the Aerobic energy system.
The ATP-PC energy system gives athletes a quick but strong burst of energy which lasts approximately 10 seconds before the lactic acid energy system takes over.