Japan and the United States both knew it. How long would it be, however, before Japan surrendered? Japan was split between surrender or fighting to the end.
Why did President Truman drop the atomic bomb? Most Americans accepted the obvious reasoning: They did not have a problem with over one hundred thousand of the enemy being killed.
After all, the Japanese attacked America, and not the other way around. However, when one examines the issue with great attention to the results of the atomic bombings and compares these results with possible alternatives to using said bombs, the line between truth and fiction begins to clear.
As early as they begin to postulate new ideas, but their words only began to receive credence in the late s and early s. Revisionists contend that Truman either had ulterior motives in the dropping of the atomic bombs or that he used these bombs on Japan for an entirely different reason, one that had nothing to do with saving lives.
A timely end to the war would mean that no land invasion of Japan is necessary. Such an invasion would have been extraordinarily costly in terms of not only American lives, but also in terms of Japanese dead. Ending the war quickly would return soldiers to their homes and allow Americans to begin a life of normality again.
The Revisionists, however, believe that Truman had either partially or entirely different reasons for bombing Japan. They believe that the destruction of two Japanese cities would accomplish several things.
Most obviously, it would punish the Japanese for the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the atrocious treatment of American prisoners of war. Also, an atomic bombing of Japan is also the only thing that would justify the expense of the Manhattan Project. Not only did he want to avoid Congressional hearings, but he Why truman chose to drop the wanted another term of office.
His chances of reelection would have been nil if it were learned by the general public that he wasted money and American lives by shelving a weapon that could have ended the war more quickly.
The final Revisionist claim is that Truman wanted to give the U. They also say that Truman should have chosen one of the several available ways to compel a Japanese surrender without an atomic bombing of two cities.
The most obvious alternative is an American invasion of Japan. Olympic was the code-name given to the planned American invasion of Kyushu, one of the four Japanese home islands, if an atomic bomb were not available by late October. Two separate estimates exist to rate the number of American casualties that would result from such an invasion.
A joint war plans committee comprised of the army and navy came to the conclusion that 46, Americans would die in an invasion of Kyushu and later Honshu. The number of American wounded averaged three to one during the later years of the war, so according to this estimate,American casualties were not out of the question.
A second estimate proposed by Admiral Leahy was much higher. The invasion of Iwo Jima caused 6, American deaths, and the U. Okinawa cost 13, U. Based on the estimate ofJapanese soldiers on Kyushu as of early August, Leahy predicted that at very minimum overAmerican soldiers would lie dead as a result of an invasion of the Japanese islands.
It was later found that the troop strength on Kyushu was greatly under-estimated, and that by August 6 the Japanese had overmen stationed on Kyushu, nearly twice as many as thought. By November, Japanese troop strength could easily double or triple, making betweenand 1, American deaths conceivable.
These numbers do not even begin to account for the Japanese dead. In Okinawa, twice as many Japanese were killed as Americans. It is therefore plausible that betweenaccording to the earliest estimate and two million soldiers would die in an invasion. This number does not include Japanese civilians dead, which could conceivably have been even higher than the number of dead soldiers.
The Japanese army was already training its civilians to fight with sharpened bamboo poles. According to samurai tradition, there was no more honorable way to die than to do so for Japan and the emperor, and the civilians were quite prepared to take this philosophy to heart.
Using sharpened pikes the Japanese could easily prevent a military government from being effective in those towns which the U. It can be assumed that at least as many civilians would have died as soldiers, bringing the totals somewhere aroundto four million Japanese dead, along with the 50, to one million American dead, totalingto five million total dead.
It was hoped that the Japanese military would capitulate once American forces occupied the Tokyo Plain, but it is possible that they would fight to the last man. On Saipan, nearly Japanese killed themselves rather than be taken prisoner by Americans.
Such was the Japanese philosophy to fight to the last man. If an entire nation was compelled to launch suicide attacks against the occupying army, it is conceivable that many, many millions of Japanese civilians would die.
In order to make an accurate comparison between the dropping of the atomic bombs and Operation Olympic, one must be adequately knowledgeable of the destruction that took place in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.Aug 06, · The name Hiroshima is so tied to the atomic bomb that it's hard to imagine there were other possible targets.
But in early , the U.S. was still months away from building its first bomb and. Why Truman Chose to Drop the Atomic Bomb Essay. America’s decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan was only done to assert our position over the Soviet Union, and Japan’s surrender was only an extra accomplishment of the attack - Why Truman Chose to Drop the Atomic Bomb Essay introduction.
During the years to , numerous conferences were held to discuss diplomatic matters, and . Truman hoped that the use of the bomb would and it's astonishing effects would be enough for Japan to surrender and they would not have to invade them.
Lastly, Truman wanted to use it to show the soviets of it's power for post world war II policies.
Why did President Truman drop the atomic bomb? At the end of World War II, few questioned Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Most Americans accepted the obvious reasoning: the atomic bombings brought the war to a more timely end.
On August 6th, , President of United States Harry Truman chose to drop the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, a mid-sized city in Japan. Finally, after the second bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japanese emperor Hirohito forced the government to surrender, the World War Ⅱ ended.
Jul 30, · That question was "Mr President what will you have to say to the american people about why you chose not to drop the a bomb on Japan at your impeachment hearing" This question made Truman realize that the American people wanted the war over now and the only way to do that was to drop the ashio-midori.com: Resolved.