Dipylon jug, Lefkandi Pithekoussai Greek. Das Buch der Schrift.
Read Canto I Introduction to The Inferno The journey Dante offers us in his Divine Comedy stretches before us from the dark wood of its beginning, down through the chasm of hell, up the terraces of purgatory, and into the spheres of heaven, as a record of a living experience.
Opening in bitterness, mounting through hope, and ending in vision, the poet insists that the person he is now, fashioning the poem, is the person who then walked into and out of that other world.
He challenges each one to be the wayfarer here and now that he was then and there.
First he had to meet the challenge himself, of course, by going back to the experience and putting it all into a poem. For Dante, there are no apathetic wayfarers: For Dante speaks, time and again, directly to his reader: May God so grant you, reader, to find fruit In your reading: On Good Friday ofDante began a week of religious experience that transformed his whole life.
More than he expected awaited him, for more than reform occurred: Saint Paul, he recalled, had spoken of something similar happening to him: God knows; such a one caught up to the third heaven" 2 Corinthians Later Saint Ignatius of Loyola would cast this opportunity for conversion and contemplation in the form of a spiritual retreat.
The world had been created in the same span of time and with it man and woman. The creation of the new man and woman should take no longer than that.
Where did this conversion take place? As specific as he is about the time, Dante remains deliberately vague about the location. In his native Florence? Or in some rural and remote area of Italy that the poet describes so vividly at moments in his journey?
For Dante, there could be no middle ground, no halfway measures between commitment and compromise. The worst sins loomed as the systematic evils of everyday life, the taking of bribes, selling of church goods and offices, the deceit, scandal, and treachery on which the century thrived.
Italy lay in shambles because of the crass pettiness of important leaders in Church and state.
Total honesty, candor, openness, these virtues Dante now saw to be the fruits of the searing and uplifting call that he had heard and heeded. Ironically, he was soon to become the victim of all the vices opposed to these virtues. He would be exiled from his beloved Florence, sentenced to death in his absence, allowed only later to return if he would confess to a list of the offenses he lived to despise.
How would he lie about his own person? Like Saint Thomas More he knew that his own conscience would act as his final judge. That conscience few men have honed to such a sharp edge of sureness, steadiness, and pointed truth.
Such is the confidence of saints and seers. Having known profoundly the purifying of consciousness beyond all thought and emotion, the flight of the mystics, Dante for the next dozen years lived with the memory of emptiness, searching, and filling with light.
Perhaps other glimpses and moments came back to him -- still that week remained as the turning point in his life when, at thirty-five, halfway through the traditional lifespan of seventy years, he woke to find himself deep in a darkened forest and ended moving with the sun and the other stars in utter harmony with Love: How could words describe or picture what it had been like for the self to harrow the depths of human existence, to rid itself of egotism, and to be filled with joy in the presence of the unseen Trinity of Love, Loving, and Loved?
No one before had dreamed of putting his own inner autobiography in prose or poetry.
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Initially, the poet turned not into himself, but to the experience of the learned minds of the past. He began writing the Convivio or The Banquet, an invitation to his Tuscan readers to feast at the table of knowledge: Written in his native Italian rather than in Latin, the work was to cover fourteen parts, but Dante only completed the introduction and the first three sections.Poetry is a genre that has a lot of variation.
Some forms of poetry are extremely structured, following a certain rhyme scheme and syllable count, while others allow more creative freedom. The history of alphabetic writing goes back to the consonantal writing system used for Semitic languages in the Levant in the 2nd millennium BCE.
Most or nearly all alphabetic scripts used throughout the world today ultimately go back to this Semitic proto-alphabet. Its first origins can be traced back to a Proto-Sinaitic script developed in Ancient Egypt . The large, ebony-framed painting represents a Finding of Moses attributed to Peter Lely, who was trained in Haarlem with Pieter de Grebber and who is known to have painted religious works in .
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